Rob Swart is an independent consultant on climate change mitigation and adaptation. His clients have included the Austrian Climate Research Programme, the Environmental Protection Agency Ireland, and the European Commission, among others. He previously coordinated international climate resarch at Wageningen University and headed the European Topic Centre on Air and Climate Change of the European Environment Agency (EEA). He has been extensively involved in the work of the IPCC, as lead author for the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Assessments, as Head of the Technical Support Unit of the Mitigation Working Group III during the 3rd Assessment, and as lead author of the WGIII and Synthesis reports during the 4th Assessment. He holds an MSc in environmental engineering from Delft University of Technology and a PhD in climate risks assessment from the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.